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  • umbria
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  • umbria
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Culture in Umbria

MUSEUM IN UMBRIA


Umbria is a region that reminds one of a board game in which visitors follow a determined route with many squares," according to Cesare Brandi, the art historian and critic. Many of these 'squares', or towns, have museums that can act as a starting point for exploring the district, considering that out of 92 municipalities, at least 60 have a museum, an archaeological site or a monument open to the public, making up a total of about 150 points of interest. This is why, on the Italian cultural scene, Umbria appears as a region with a very high ratio of museums to surface area and number of inhabitants. All kinds of museums are represented: archaeology, historic-art, civic, science, natural history, ethno-anthropology, themed.
The museums are subdivided into (in decreasing order according to number): town, ecclesiastic, private, state, provincial and mountain community. Many museums are housed in historic buildings that, thanks to regional, national or EU funding, have been refurbished and returned to public use. Their history and their nature give the museums of Umbria strong links to local government, citizens and schools; they contribute to promoting the territory through exhibitions and organization of big events and smaller widespread initiatives for the enhancement of the cultural heritage of the area, and also thanks to the integration of tourist and productive activities in the region.

VALLE UMBRA SUD


The Valle Umbra Sud (South Umbrian Valley) is a district whose unique features reflect a complex past marked by the contrasting forces of self-government and subjugation in a polycentric setting characterized by a rich network of trade and other relations. The area takes in the beautiful plain of the Valle Umbra, the gentle contours of the hills and the spurs of the Apennine ridge. The Via Flaminia is the thoroughfare that for centuries has enabled the exchanges--human, economic, cultural and interethnic--in this area.  There are agricultural settlements that have gradually grown into centres with their own economic and administrative organization, or towns of artistic interest that have been renowned for centuries. Foligno, at the centre of the valley, is a place of trade and a crossroads of important communication routes, as well as being a town of historical and artistic interest. It is equally rich in natural resources, in particular watercourses, mineral springs and groundwater, in part still unexploited. Towns, castles, villages, city walls, fortresses, towers, churches, monasteries and cloisters, palaces and courtyards, country farmhouses surrounded by fields of grain and sunflowers, these are some of the most representative features of the area. Saints and poets, writers and illustrious painters have lived here or left their mark. The region is the product of a millennial succession of civilisations: Umbrian, Roman and Germanic, all of which left more or less conspicuous traces, until, with the rebirth of the cities around 1000 AD, a long sequence of urban architecture modulated in keeping with Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, baroque and neo-classical influences began. It is impossible, as French journalist Laurence Botta-Delannoy has written, to describe all the wonders hidden here, because every mountain fold, every riverbed reveals treasures worthy of being seen.  The concentric arrangement of towns fanning out from the fertile plain whose heart is Foligno to the hilly, verdant countryside with its olive groves and vineyards and to the mountains beyond inspired Bragazzi, in the 19th century, to coin the term "Rose of Umbria" for this fascinating land and its scented air.  Here we find Montefalco, the balcony of Umbria, D'Annunzio's city of silence; here we find Bevagna, the misty Mevania of the Roman poet Propertius and cradle of traditional handicrafts; Trevi, pleasantly situated on the hill overlooking the Clitunno Valley; Spello, the splendid Roman colony; Nocera Umbra, famous for its hot springs and mineral waters; Gualdo Cattaneo with its fortresses and picturesque medieval castles; Valtopina, known for its Roman ruins and ancient castle walls; and Sellano located in the enchanting Valle del Vigi. And, in the centre, Foligno, home of the Trinci family and of the great mystic Angela, which prides itself on having produced the first printed edition of Dante's Divine Comedy. Overlooking Foligno is Sassovivo, the thousand-year-old Benedictine abbey with its rose marble cloister adorned with mosaic friezes, one of those rare places where it is possible to "listen to" the silence.  The district and its municipalities represent a felicitous blend of the rich historical and artistic heritage with the unique beauty of an unspoilt natural setting and traditions deriving from agriculture, handicrafts and gastronomy.  The continuing religious heritage is expressed in rites and festivities celebrated throughout the year.

Fonte: sito ufficiale Valle Umbra

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